While we love helping pets and pet parents, we gotta remember that pets and humans are different. As such, there are things that we can share, and some other things that we should not share. Where does CBD sit in this dichotomy? The difference between pet and human CBD products, especially CBD oil, is becoming increasingly confusing.
If you follow our articles, you know well that CBD, or cannabidiol, is the non-intoxicating substance derived from cannabis or hemp plants. It is used in both humans and animals, and there are indeed separate, yet overlapping, markets for pets and humans. However, there are important differences that must be noted when searching for the best CBD oil for your dog, cat, or for you!
What Makes Pet CBD Unique?
In the simplest way possible, pet CBD is a product specifically designed to be safe and effective for pets. Part of making these products safe includes making the final product THC free. THC is the psychoactive molecule in hemp and cannabis. While THC has its health properties, it is toxic to cats and dogs.
What is Human CBD?
Human CBD oil, on the other hand, is a CBD oil intended only for human consumption. It is generally extracted from the hemp plant, and processed to be infused in various products including gummies, oils, eatables, and products you can inhale.
Comparing Pet CBD and Human CBD
While both pet CBD and human CBD oils are derived from the hemp plant, differences in concentration, formulation, and legality can exist which should be considered for a safe and effective use.
What are the differences between CBD for pets and humans?
The key differences between CBD for pets and humans come down to concentration and formulation. Human CBD oil typically has a higher concentration of CBD than pet CBD oil, and often contains additives that are not good for pets. Similarly, pet CBD products may contain ingredients and additives that are not designed for human consumption.
The extraction process of CBD oil for pets vs. humans is typically the same, the difference arises from the concentration of CBD in the final product. Two of the most commonly methods used to extract CBD from hemp are Ethanol extraction and CO2 extraction.
In Ethanol extraction, the hemp plant is soaked in high-grain alcohol to draw out the CBD. The ethanol is then evaporated, leaving behind the CBD oil.
CO2 extraction, on the other hand, is a pricier and complex method, but it results in a purer and safer product. CO2 is used to separate the CBD from other compounds by applying high pressure and temperature.
Once the extraction is done, the resulting product is a highly concentrated CBD oil. This can be further processed to remove any remaining plant material and other unwanted compounds to create a purer form of CBD known as CBD isolate.
Concentration of CBD for humans and pets
For pets, CBD oil is usually diluted to a concentration that is safe for a dog or cat. The amount of CBD in each dose will depend on the size, weight, and general health of the pet. In contrast, CBD oil for humans can be more concentrated. Humans are generally larger and can tolerate a higher dosage of CBD. However, just like for pets, the right dosage and concentration also depend on the size, weight, and general health of the individual.
So, while the extraction processes are similar for both pets and humans, the concentration of the oil can be adjusted to suit the individual needs of the user.
Third-party tests for cannabinoids
Regardless of the intended user, third-party lab testingis mandatory. To make CBD products safe, an objective lab test is required to quantify how many mg of cannabinoids, terpenes and other compounds are in each package or bottle. Tests that are more comprehensive will also evaluate contaminants like pesticides, heavy metals, and residual solvents.
Are there specific CBD products safe for both pets and humans?
There are CBD products that can be suited for both humans and pets. For example, many CBD products that have no added flavors, no artificial additives and are confirmed to contain broad spectrum CBD, could be used by pets too. And that's not limited to oils. Cookies could be baked with ingredients that are safe for animals and humans alike.
Another kind of product that can be ok for humans and pets are CBD isolates. Isolates are pure CBD, with no other active compound, making them very safe for those worried about THC. Unless they contain special flavoring designed for humans, they could be part of the CBD products for dogs and humans,
Does the Hemp Plant Dictate the Difference Between CBD for Humans and Pets?
In short, no. The hemp plant is the primary source of CBD, used in CBD products that contain less than 0.3% of THC. The CBD industry uses both hemp or marijuana. Yet, hemp is a variety of the Cannabis Sativa plant species specifically chosen for the production of CBD due to its low THC content, making it the required source for CBD for pets and the public.
Many pet owners also should not buy any product that is not from hemp. CBD for pets always comes from hemp, and if you want to keep your pet safe, you would rather not use any human-grade CBD oil that contains full spectrum CBD. Otherwise, your dog (or cat) could experience undesirable side effects even with a relatively low dose of CBD.
The CBD molecule itself is identical, whether it is sourced from hemp or marijuana. Still, the variety of the plant it comes from can affect its legality and medical benefits. By law, the hemp used to produce CBD for sale must contain less than 0.3% THC.
It's crucial to pay attention to the source of CBD when purchasing any CBD. This helps guarantee that the product is safe, legal, and contains the advertised amount of CBD.
How much CBD is suitable for both pets and humans?
The correct amount of CBD varies between pets and humans. Moreover, it also varies within individual pets and people. While giving human CBD oil to pets could be ok if the correct requirements are met, you just can't give your pet whatever many milligrams of CBD you take for yourself. It is true that CBD is safe in most of the cases, but there could be side effects that start appearing if you give your pet too much CBD.
A starting dose for humans varies between 2-6 mg per 10 lb (4.54 kg) of body weight, while for a pet, it generally goes from 1-3 mg per 10 lb (4.54 kg) of body weight. As you can see, the human starting dose can start from up to 2 times more than the one recommended for pets. Moreover, the dose for a 175 lb person, would be exaggerated for an average 40 lb dog. This is the case where running a little bit of math can make a significant difference.
Can humans take pet CBD oil?
While typically safe, it's not advisable. Pet CBD and human CBD oil come from the same plant, however, the concentration of CBD may differ, leading to reduced efficacy or unexpected side effects for humans.
Moreover, pet products can be flavored to please the picky palate of dogs and cats. CBD for pets comes with bacon, chicken, fish, and many other flavors that are not really pleasant to the human taste buds. Some CBD oil formulated specifically with dogs and cats in mind, aims to bypass their sensitive sense of smell (and taste).
Can I give my pet human CBD oil?
It's advisable to give pets only pet-specific CBD products. Human CBD oil might be too potent for your pet and result in side effects. Moreover, some human CBD products may contain ingredients not safe for your pet. This is because they can contain extra ingredients such as xylitol or chocolate that can be harmful to pets, particularly cats and dogs. Furthermore, the dosage of CBD intended for humans may not be suitable for pets
Are the Benefits of CBD the Same for Dogs and Humans?
The properties of CBD make it such that the benefits for pets and humans are quite similar due to the comparable effects CBD has on the endocannabinoid system. This can help with pain, inflammation, sleep, anxiety, etc...which are situations in which both humans and pets can benefit from using CBD. CBD's anti-inflammatory properties, its ability to reduce anxiety, and its potential pain-relieving effects are the most common reasons that lead pet parents to use CBD for their pets. Additionally, products for humans and pets can be sub-categorized to address any of the specific conditioned mentioned above.
Is CBD isolate safer for pets?
CBD isolate, which includes only the CBD molecule and no other cannabinoids, can be safer than other forms of CBD for pets as it eliminates any risk of THC, which can be harmful to pets.
Are there any potential side effects of CBD for dogs and humans?
While generally considered safe, CBD may have potential side effects both for pets and humans. These can include drowsiness, dry mouth, and changes in appetite or weight. It's important to consult a professional if side effects persist.
What are the effects of using CBD oil for dogs and cats?
Pets may experience several potential benefits from using CBD oil - from managing anxiety and improving appetite, to supporting joint health and providing pain relief. However, as with any supplement or medication, it's important to monitor your pet for any changes.
Q: What's the difference between pet CBD and human CBD oil?
A: Human CBD and pet CBD are often derived from hemp, with the primary ingredient being cannabidiol or CBD. However, the key difference lies in the dosage and possibly the inclusion of other ingredients. CBD products made for humans might contain substances that are harmful to pets. As such, always choose a CBD product specialized for animals to ensure that it is safe for pets.
Q: Can I give my pet CBD oil made for humans?
A: While there's essentially no difference between the CBD used in pet and human products, it is not recommended to give your pet CBD oil made for humans without consulting a veterinarian.
Q: What factors should I take into consideration when giving CBD to my pet?
A: When giving CBD to your pet, there are several factors to consider. Firstly, the dosage should be properly scaled to the weight and size of your pet. Secondly, always start with a lower dosage to see how your pet responds and gradually increase if needed. Next, consider the type of product. Some pets might better tolerate certain forms of CBD such as oils, treats, or capsules. Lastly, always choose a product specifically designed for pets.
Q: How to choose the best CBD oil for my dog?
A: When choosing the best CBD oil for your dog, always go for high-quality, organically-grown hemp-derived CBD, preferably in the form of a full spectrum or broad spectrum extract. Avoid products with additives or flavorings that could be unsafe for pets. Review the certificate of analysis (COA) to confirm the CBD content and to verify it is free from toxins and contaminants. Also, consider your dog's size and weight to dose accordingly.
Q: Are all CBD products safe for pets?
A: CBD itself in its pure form is generally considered to be safe for pets. However, not all CBD products are safe for pets. Those made for human consumption can sometimes contain ingredients that are harmful to animals. Always look for CBD pet products that have been third-party tested and ensure the product is free from harmful contaminants.
Q: How does CBD affect cats and dogs differently?
A: CBD affects cats and dogs similarly, as it interacts with the endocannabinoid system present in all mammals. However, every pet is unique and their response to CBD can vary. They may experience different benefits or side effects based on their size, weight, age, and overall health condition. As always, consulting a veterinarian before starting any new treatment is recommended.
Q: Can I give CBD to cats and dogs for the same conditions?
A: CBD is often used in treating similar conditions in cats and dogs, such as anxiety, chronic pain, inflammation, and seizure disorders. However, the response to CBD and the dosage required may vary between cats and dogs. Always consult a vet before starting any treatment.
Q: What is the difference between CBD and THC in pet products?
Q: Is there a difference between CBD products for cats versus dogs?
A: There isn't a significant difference between CBD products for cats and dogs. Both types of pet products are formulated with the animal's size and weight in mind. The main difference might be in the flavors offered to cater to the different taste preferences of cats and dogs.
Seb has been a research scientist for the past two decades and is the founder and owner of My Blissful Pet. Seb grew up with cats and dogs and married his passion for science and animals with My Blissful Pet by wanting to help dogs and cats live healthier lives.